Home Eco Trails Tribal Tour Orrisa And Chhattisgarh Tribal Tour
 
 

The State of Orissa is located in the eastern coast of India The coastal line runs 482 km on the Bay of Bengal .  It has a very moderate climate, which though variable at times is very pleasant through out the year except the raining season from June to August.  It has a vast tribal population belonging to diverse races and culture.  The majority of this population inhabits the forest and hilly regions of Mayurbhanj, Kendujhar, Phulbani, Sundargarh, Sambalpur, Balangir, Kalahandi and Korapul districts.  Orissa has as many as 62 tribes, the important of which are Kondha, Koya, Bonda, Gadaba, Paraja,Santal, Juang,Oraon, Saoara, Gond, Ho, Kharia, Bhuyan, Binjhal, Bathudi etc. Each of these tribes is marked for its own culture, different from the other.  A glimpse of their culture activities may not be out of place to corroborate the same. 
 
 
TRIBES
The Tribes of Orissa are primitive by nature. They live in the Hills & & earn their livelihood from the Forest. Their way of life & dress code are different from each other. Village is the highest community for all type of decisions. Chief & Priest of the villages are the Authority to take any decision with the consent of the people. Marriage is accepted in the tribes either by selection or by force. Each Tribal community has their own & different types of living.
 
 
DONGARIYA KONDH
This group live in the Hill Slope & expert in Horticulture. They are considered as the richest Tribal group among all. The women of this Tribal group decorate themselves with beautiful beeds & neck rings as well as the Men. The only difference in the Dress Code between Men & Women is the use of the Nose rings. The young Boys & Girls still sleep in the Dormitories & choose their Life partners during the night entertainment programmes. Once upon a time this Tribe was known for the Maria Sacrifice, which was stopped by British before freedom.PARAJA These people are living in the plain land & earned their livelihood from the Cultivation, Fishing, Pottery & working in the nearby towns. As they depend upon the Agriculture, their market on Friday is the Biggest market in the Tribal area to sell their products.
 
 
BONDA AND GODHABA
chhatisgarh tribalsThese Two Groups are known as Inter related to each other as per the Anthropologist. Bondas speak a very difficult Astro Asiatic Language of Mundari Group. They live in the Deep forest on the Hill tops. Bonda women are covered with a small piece of cloth called Keranga only on her bottom part with a strong belief that if the Body will be covered with the Cloth, then the Family, Village & the entire society will suffer from unknown disease & will be finished in few days. Their upper part of the Body is covered with Beautiful Beads from Neck to the Knees making them elegant & graceful. Till now also they save their head & cover with the beads with the fear of the Curse from Goddess Sita of Ramayana era. Gadhaba people are now a days living in the Plain areas & villages are in the Hills. They are very hard working people & depend upon Agriculture now a days. Their dress code is also as elegant as the Bondas but with the slow entry of the Modernisation, the people are slowly slowly changing their Life style.
 
 
CHHATTISGARH
Located in Central India, Chhattisgarh has been carved out of Madhya Pradesh to become the 26th state of the Indian Union. It is endowed with huge mineral deposits and forest resources. Chattisgarh also has the largest concentration of Schedule Tribes in the country. Its cities, especially Raipur is full of migrants from other parts of the country.
 
 
LOCATION
Due to its location in central India, Chattisgarh is one of the few landlocked states of the country. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar bind the State in north, in the east it is bound by Orissa, in the south by Andhra Pradesh and in the West by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. A large part of the state comes under Vindhyachal range that divides the Indian subcontinent into two. Mahanadi and Narmada are the principal rivers of the state. Narmada has its origin in Amarkantak, which lies in Chattisgarh.
 
 
BEST TIME TO VISIT
The state has tropical climate with hot summer and cold winters. Most of the precipitation occurs during the monsoon (July to mid-September). Day temperature during the summers (mid-April to June end) can touch a high of around 45°C while in the winters the temperature may fall well below 10°C.  The best time to visit the state is from October till March.

 
 
HISTORY
A major part of the Chattisgarh (Bastar) as we know today was known as Dandakaranya in the ancient times. Other parts were known as Dakshina Koshal. In the medieval period, the region, which falls south of the Vindhyas, came to be known as Gondwana. Earliest human settlements were established in this region much before they came into existence in any other part of the country. Historians and anthropologists are trying to establish the exact date for the earliest human settlement in this region.
Right from the beginning, Chattisgarh has been swarmed with migrants from nearby places, who now constitute a major part of the population. Right from the days of great Magadha Empire, Chattisgarh remained part of every empire that ruled the country from north to south, but their dominance was political only. As the region was extremely inaccessible, not much interference could be made in the lifestyle of the tribes. Kalchuris were the first rulers who ruled clearly over this region till 19th century. After the fall of Kalchuris, it was time for the Bhonsles of Nagpur to dominate over this region for a brief period in the 19th century. However with the decline of the Marathas, there prevailed complete lawlessness throughout the region and many tribal chieftains established rule over small tracts of land. The English recognized the mineral wealth of the region and established a vast network of mines and railway track throughout the region, which marked the beginning of a new phase in the tribal history of Chattisgarh. Today, the state is a heterogeneous mix of races from all over the country working together to create a prosperous Chattisgarh.


 
 
FAIRS & FESTIVALS
Ghotul is a better-known event in tribal life and they have aroused considerable interest from anthropologists to study the tradition. Both boys and girls are allowed to spend a night out in the ghotul (kind of rest house), every week. Ghotuls are regarded as a shrine, built by Lingo Pen, a Gond (a tribe) cult hero. Here, the unmarried boys of the village learn songs and dance from their leader. Besides, every week, there is a dance carnival as well in which the girls also take part. Moreover, It is treated like a pilgrimage. Dussehra is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Jagdalpur every year.
 
 
Itinerary:
 
 
Day 01 Arrive Kolkata.
Meeting and assistance on arrival and transfer to your hotel. Overnight at hotel.
 
 
Day 02  Kolkata-Bhubaneshwar by train (dep 0700 hrs arr 1350 hrs)
In time transfer to railway station to connect train for Bhubaneshwar.  Meeting and assistance on arrival and transfer to your hotel. Later visit Rajarani, Mukteshwar and Parasurameshwar temples. Bhubaneshwar , known as the temple city of Indoa, once upon a time had 7000 temples in and around of Old Bhubaneshwar. Out of these 7000 temples now few temples are well preserved and remarkable workmanship from 06th century to 11th century AD. Parasurameshwar temple is the earliest group of temples from 7th century AD and Mukteshwar & Rajrani dates back to 10th century AD. Mukteshwar temple is known as the Gem collection of Orissan Architecture and Rajarani temple has got the similarity of Khajuraho temple construction.
 
 
Day 03  Bhubaneshwar
Morning visit Lingaraj temple, which dates back to 11the centuary AD and an active temple for the Hindu people. It has got 108 temples inside the same premises of the main temple. Afterwards drive to Nuapatna (Weaving village) & Sadeibarini (Dokra casting village).  Nuapatan is a village for Tie and Dye Ekat weaving village where the families are involved weaving on hand looms. Sadeibarini is a village of Situlia tribes who are expert on Dokra Metal work. This is a loss wax processing of making the Dokra metal works, Here the people make different animals, birds, Images of gods and Goddesses and rice pots and many more things. Later in the evening return to Bhubaneshwar for overnight stay.
 
 
Day 04  Bhubaneshwar-Keonjhar (310 kms;7 hrs)
Depart for Keonjhar.  Enroute visit Anandpur (Seri Culture Village) to see the Tusser weaving village  of Thakur Munda and the silk worm culture center at Dhinkikot.  Visit Sitabinji to witness the Ancient rock painting and scripts. Overnight at hotel.

 
 
Day 05   Keonjhar-Sambalpur (260 kms; 6 hrs)
After breakfast drive for Sambalpur. Enroute visiting the villages and tribes and witness the hand looms.  These are the villages where most of the villagers are found weaving Overnight at hotel.
 
 
Day 06  Sambalpur-Bolangiri (150 kms;4 hrs)
Drive for Bolangri, enroute visiting Baripalli and a few Weaver Men's villages famous for tie and dye Ekkat weaving on the hand looms and continue your drive to Bolangri.  Overnight at hotel.

 
 
Day 07 Bolangri-Bhawanipatna (220 kms; 6 hrs)
Enroute visit the Sonepur weaving villages and bricks templs at Bolangir. Continue your drive to Bhawanipatna.  Overnight at hotel.
 
 
Day 08   Bhawanipatna-Raygada (200 kms; 6 hrs)
Drive to Rayagada through the Jungel and Semi Tribal villages Enroute visiting some primitive Desia Kondh Tribal village. Overnight at Sai International.

 
 
PLEASE TRY TO MAKE THIS DRIVE ON A TUESDAY IN ORDER TO MATCH ALL THE WEEKLY MARKETS
 
 
Day 09   Rayagada-Jeypore (220 kms; 07 hrs)
Drive to Jeypore enroute visiting Dongariya Kondh Market on WEDNESDAY. It is a very colorful market. The Tribes come only for few hours to collect for weekly stuffs and sell their products. Best time 9 AM to 11 AM. Visit a few Dohgariya Kondh Tribal villages in Niyamagiri Hill range. The villages you visit are Kurli, Gartali , Dola Maba, Khajuri . There are total 32 villages in Niyamagiri Hill range. Afterwards drive to Jeyopre. Overnight at Jeypore.
 
 
Day 10  Jeypore (150 kms; 7 hrs)
Visit to weekly market on THURSDAY of Bonda and Gadhaba tribes at Onukudelli. Witness the most colorful dance of the Gadhaba. Bondas are known as very primitive tribes,  total inhabitant is around 3500 only. They are living in Bonda Hill. Only on market day they come down to sale their forest products and to purchase their weekly stuffs. Gadhabas are one of the major tribes of Orissa and have unique house patron, villages, jewelry, costumes and life style.  Overnight at hotel in Jeypore.

 
 
Day 11  Jeypore-Jagdalpur
After breakfast, proceed to Jagdalpur, Bastar's main town and former capital. After freshening up at Bastar Royal farm, you join royal family members for lunch. In the afternoon, a royal guided tour of historical Jagdalpur and the Anthropological Museum is completed by a sunset idyll at the Chitrakoot waterfall, Bastar's very own 'Niagara' on the Indravati River : you will also visit some of the local Bison - Horn Maria tribe, renowned for their spectacular ceremonial dancing. Conditions permitting, a barbecue is served under the stats in authentic Bastar style. You will be entertained by a performance of the tribal people, before returning to your hotel. Overnight stay at Bastar Royal farm.

 
 
Day 12   Jagdalpur - Kanger Valley National Park – Jagdalpur
An early breakfast allows time for a visti to the rich forests of the Kanger Valley National Park, the enchanting Tirathgarh Waterfall and the extraordinary stalactite and stalagmite caves. Kanger retains the original intensity of the forests that once covered this whole region, and you will picnic in the natural habitat of leopard, Tiger, Sambhar, Bison and the Bastar Hill Myna. Also explore forest tribal people in their natural habitat. Witness Jagdalpur's unique handicrafts before dinner at the hotel with your royal guides. Overnight stay at Bastar Royal farm.
 
 
Day 13  Jagdalpur-Kanker
After breakfast proceed for former princely State of Kanker. Upon arrival at Kanker Palace, the traditional welcome. Over drinks and dinner, enjoy the company of the royal family (subject to availability), along with a performance of the traditional music and dance of the region.  Overnight stay at Kanker Palace.

 
 
Day 14  Kanker - Kondagoan - Narayanpur – Kanker
After your choice of Indian or English breakfast at the Palace, the Bastar tribal experience begins. South of Kanker you and your royal guide climb the forested Keshkal Ghat which marks the border of Bastar 500m above the plain. You will encounter here the special nature of North Bastar with a visit to a colorful weekly market. It gives you a great opportunity to meet the local people. At Kondagaon and Narayanpur discover some of Bastar's finest handicrafts and the people who make them. Lunch will be a picnic in the deep green sal forests. An early evening dance by youthful members of Bastar's 'Gond tribe' from the Ghotul completes an unforgettable day before the star - lit. Return to Kanker and a late dinner at the Palace. Ghotul is the culture of the tribes of Bastar. Ghotul is the place, where young girls and boys live to understand the culture and structure of their society. These young people enjoy themselves here along with taking lessons in life. They dance and sing and make merry. Most of them choose their life partners in the Ghotul and go out and get married with the consent of the chieftains.
Overnight stay at Kanker Palace.

 
 
Day 15  Kanker-Raipur - Kawardha
After breakfast drive to former Princely State of Kawardha. Afternoon familirization tour of the Palace and nearby cultural sites including the captivating Bhoramdeo Temple complex. Return to the Palace at sunset followed by a welcome drink to meet the royal family with traditional Chhattisgarhi dance and dinner. Overnight stay at Kawardha Palace
 
 
Day 16  Kawardha
After breakfast, a well-versed Palace guide will accompany you on an introduction to the secrets of Kawardha's little-known natural and tribal world. You will meet the gentle and friendly Baiga people, the principal indigenous forest tribe. Enjoy picnic lunch with them. In the evening return to the Palace and after wash and change proceed for the dinner with the royal family. Overnight stay at Kawardha Palace
 
 
Day 17 Kawardha-Raipur
After breakfast drive to Raipur. On the highway, we again pass several handicrafts centre for those last-minute souvenirs of your Bastar Experience.  Afternoon visit visit to Raipur's Mahant Ghasidas Museum. Evening free to rest and relax. Overnight at hotel.
 
  Day 18  Raipur-Delhi
In time transfer to air port to connect flight for Delhi. Meeting and assistance on arrival and transfer to your hotel.

 
  Day 19  Delhi
Full day city tour of Old and New Delhi.
 
  Day 20  Leave Delhi
In time transfer to airport to connect flight back home.
 
 
 
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