Home Eco Trails Special Tours of Myanmar General Information of Myanmar
 
 
GENERAL INFORMATION
 
 
Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is recognized by the world as the Golden Land. It is one of the earliest homes of mankind, where one can have exclusive experiences of a life-time. You have to find out why.

Myanmar, officially Union Of Myanmar, also called Burma, Burmese Myanmar, or Pyidaungzu Myanmar Naingngandaw, is a country lying along the eastern coasts of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in southeast Asia. The country is about 1,275 miles (2,050 km) long from north to south--including its 400-mile (640-kilometre) strip along the Malay Peninsula--and about 580 miles (935 km) from east to west at its widest extent. Myanmar is bordered on the southeast by Thailand and Laos, on the northeast by China, and on the northwest by Bangladesh and the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram. Its coastline, on the south and southwest, borders the Bay of Bengal, the Gulf of Martaban, and the Andaman Sea. The capital is Yangôn (Rangoon). Area 261,228 square miles (676,577 square km). Pop. (1993 est.) 44,613,000.[Map] ..
 
 

BURMA OR MYANMAR 
 
 

hotels in myanmarMyanmar also offers a variety of natural beauties and historical artifacts such as dazzling waterfalls, graceful lakes, enchanting caves, sparkling beaches, reverines, and the unique cultures of different ethnic groups in addition to the thousand year old golden pagodas scattered around Burma, especially in Bagan and Mandalay. The people of Myanmar can be called Burman or Burmese. Burmese people are friendly, pleasant, and charming. According to may travellers one of Myanmar's most appealing perspectives is its people. Burmese people are kind and willing to help. One lovely feature of Burmese people is their hospitality and welcoming heart towards all guests. When they meet foreigners, they do not think how to make money out of them, but how they can be of help if asked. This is how Burma is different from other countries. "MIN GA LA BA", the lovely traditional greeting way of Myanmar can be used to greet anyone at anytime of the day during your visit. It is the equivalent of "Sawasdee" in Thai. Another Burmese word you may need to know while your visit is KYAY ZU BE, pronounced JayZuBe means "Thank you".

 
 
In Myanmar, the Ayarwaddy River flows its way southward from the confluence of two small rivers in Kachin state in northern Myanmar. It is both the lifeblood and soul of Burma. Along the banks stand many ancient capitals of Burmese kings where existing historic monuments reveal their glorious greatness. Bagan, located in the heart of Myanmar consists of thousands of ancient pagodas, is recognized as one of the miraculous wonders of the world. It presents the rich cultural heritage of Burma and makes Burma one of the archaeological treasure houses in Asia and the world. The infrastructure in Burma is now more developed currently, so travel to Myanmar is no longer an adventurous journey. Myanmar is one of the safest tour destinations in Asia opening her doors and stretching out her hands welcoming travelers around the world to visit Burma.

 
  Myanmar Entry Visa

 
 
There are two kinds of Myanmar Entry Visas for Tourists (E.V.T)

(1) Myanmar Entry Visa for Tour ( For Free Independent Traveller ) E.V.T - (F.I.T) : This visa can be obtained at every Myanmar embassy or consulate by submitting a passport and (3) photos. The Visa fee is USD 20.

(2) Myanmar Entry Visa for Package Tour E.V.T - (Package) : We will send you our Package Tour Confirmation Letter. With this letter plus your passport and (3) photos, you can apply for a Package Visa at the nearest Myanmar Embassy or consulate. The Myanmar Visa fee is USD 20.
You will arrive at New Delhi’s International Airport. Following customs, immigration formalities and baggage collection, a STI representative will meet you as you EXIT the ARRIVALS TERMINAL building after which you would be transferred to your hotel.
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Both kind of visa allow the stay of 28 days in Myanmar :
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In the past, Myanmar Entry Visas for Tour ( For Free Independent Traveller ) visas were required to exchange USD 200 into Foreign Exchange Certificate, FEC at the airport. So at that time we recommended our clients to get Myanmar Entry Visa for Package Tour. Now things have improved, and neither kind of visa need to exchange any money upon arrival, so we now recommend our clients to get Myanmar Entry Visa for Package Tour. Now things have improved, and neither kind of visa need to exchange any money upon arrival, so we now recommend our clients to get Myanmar Entry Visas for Tour ( For Free Independent Traveller ).
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Myanmar Official On-arrival Visa Application Service :
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visit burma In an effort to achieve 1 million tourists per year as laid out by the Prime Minister, Ministry of Hotels and Tourism facilitates the VISA APPLICATION PROCESS by assisting Visa-on-Arrival. According to the Deputy Minister of Hotels and Tourism - "Any application for tourist visa from any country is OK and we will assist each application to obtain Visa Approval in a timely manner". Visa-on-arrival can be obtained through Ministry of Hotels and Tourism by filling online forms on this web site. Tourists are required to have bought a tour package* from any authorized tour operator. This special program is mainly for countries and cities where there is no Myanmar Embassy nor mission abroad. Tourists coming to Myanmar can fill out secured online form to submit application. Processing time is normally 7 working days (see Myanmar Holidays). Application with shorter lead time can be submitted although chances of getting approved is narrow. However, last minute application can also be submitted at a premium and 5 working days ahead. Chances of getting approved within 5 days is very slim, visit MyanmarVisa.com.
TOUR PACKAGE - can be from 1 day sight-seeing with 1 hotel-room-night booked with any hotel in Myanmar.
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CLIMATE OF MYANMAR
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The climate of Myanmar is tropical with three main seasons.

( 1 ) The rainy season is from mid-May to mid-October with an average temperature of 25-30 C. Although it rains heavily in Yangon and Inle Lake, traveling in Myanmar during this season is still enjoyable because Mandalay and Bagan lies in dry zones where it barely rains.
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( 2 ) The cool season ( Winter ) is from mid-October to mid-February with an average temperature of 20-24 C. This is the best season to visit Burma. Some regions in upper Burma, Kalaw ( South-West of Shan State ) and Kyaing Tong ( Eastern Shan State ), has a temperature that ranges between 5 – 10 C, so travelers may need to bring some warm clothes to tour around this area. 
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( 3 ) The hot season ( Summer ) is from mid-February to mid-May with an average temperature of 30-35 C. Although it’s a bit hot, our programs are designed to make traveling enjoyable as we avoid the heat by touring about in the mornings and evenings.
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INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT TO MYANMAR
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"Qatar Airways" from Doha is operating four non stop flights a week to Yangon. And Yangon, Burma’s capital city has direct air-links with Bangkok, Singapore, Doha, Kuala Lumpur, Calcutta, Dhaka, New Dehli, Chiang Mai and Kumming. The Myanmar Airways International, Thai Airways International, Bangkok Airways, Qatar Airways, Silk Air, Biman Bangladash ASirways, Malaysia Airline System, Indian Airlines and Air China operate scheduled flights in and out of Yangon. China Eastern airlines is the only flights which flies to Mandalay from Kumming. 
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MYANMAR VISA

Every nationality need visa to come to Myanmar.
Valid Passport with Entry Visa is required for all travelers to Burma. Visa can be obtained at any Myanmar Embassy or Consulate abroad. Visa fee is about US$ 20 in local currency.

For the travelers who buy a tour from us and do not have time to apply for Myanmar visa in their own country, Visa on arrival can be arranged. We need a copy of the travel er’s passport, including information of his/her occupation, home address, nationality and Int’l flight details which should be faxed to us 15 working days before his arrival to Burma.  

After the Visa is approved, we will inform your international flight to let you check in without Myanmar visa in your passport. Therefore, it is important for us to know your international (arrival & departure) flight number and your booking reference (PNR). Please bring 2 passport size photos, as there is no photo shop at the airport. 
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MYANMAR CURRENCY AND EXCHANGE
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The monetary unit is the Kyat ( pronounced chat ), which is divided into 100 pyas. The official exchange rate is about 6 Kyats to US $ 1.
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For the convenience of the travelers, Foreign Exchange Certificates ( FECs) are issued by the Central Bank of Myanmar to use during their stay in Myanmar. FECs are acceptable like US dollars by any person in the Union of Myanmar. It is printed on the note as 1 FEC = 1 USD. 
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CREDIT CARD INFORMATION

No credit cards / travel ers cheque / ATM cards are valid any more currently in Myanmar and we are not sure till when this will be effective. So, its advisable that the travel ers should bring enough money in US$ cash.  
Euro and other currencies are difficult to use in Myanmar. 
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FOOD

hotels burmaMyanmar cuisine is established around rice or noodles, usually served with a variety of curries between meat and fish, along with a dish of vegetables, salads, soup, and condiments. Myanmar curries tend to be less spicy than those served in Thailand. Meals & drinks at International Hotels are considerably expensive. There are many good local restaurants with almost the same quality of food and hygiene as hotels but at reasonable prices. They serve various dishes of Myanmar, Chinese, European (French and Italian), Thai and Indian cuisine. But roadside small restaurants are not recommended, as it can be risky for health. There are also a wide variety of local snacks and delicacies. Mouk-hin-kha (thin rice noodles served with fish gravy and onion soup) and Ohn-noh-khauk-swe (noodles served with chicken and coconut gravy) are the most popular in Myanmar. Shan food is another delicacy. Shan style of cooking neither belongs to Myanmar nor Chinese nor Thai cuisine but they taste really good in their own way. Restaurants and food served towards the travelers are carefully selected for hygiene as well as gastronomic considerations. 
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HOTELS IN MYANMAR

The hotels’ accommodations standards in Burma now vary widely especially in quality and availability. New and refurbished hotels meeting international standards are available in most destinations like Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan, Inle Lake, Kyaing Tong, Ngapali Beach, Ngwe Saung Beach, and Chaung Thar Beach. Only very basic and simple hotels are available in the remote areas. 
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SHOPPING
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Myanmar arts and crafts, mostly hand-made, are lovely souvenirs. Lacquer ware, woodcarvings, tapestries, silverware, brassware, silk and cotton fabrics, and shoulder bags are some of the popular items. For jewelry, there are Burmese rubies, sapphires, jade and pearls available at Myanmar gems shops. All gems and jewelry purchased should be made through the government licensed dealers, who can give a voucher for export.
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VACCINATIONS
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There are no compulsory vaccinations for travel to Myanmar ( Burma ) but it is advisable to take precautions against malaria. Prescription drugs are not widely available in the remote areas of Myanmar so travel ers should bring any required medication with them.
Insect repellents are highly recommended, especially when traveling to remote areas in conjunction with other measures to prevent mosquito bites. The sun can be remarkably hot so a hat and sunscreen is advisable. 
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MYANMAR POST AND TELECOMMUNICATION

GSM system does not allow " international Roaming " so your phone cannot work in Myanmar although you bring along with you. 
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TRAVEL INSURANCE
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It is advisable to purchase travel insurance in your own country. Pls choose a reputable insurance company who has agent in Myanmar. This is very important. 
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  MYANMAR CUSTOMS
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All foreign currencies (above US $ 2000), jewelries, electrical goods, and cameras must be declared to the Burmese Customs at the Airport. Travelers may bring in duty free 200 cigarettes, one quart of wine, and one pint of perfume. Export of Myanmar (Burma) antiques is prohibited. Only gems and jewelries purchased at the licensed dealers, or who can issue an export permit are allowed to be taken out of Myanmar. 
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  BURMA STANDARD TIME 
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GMT + 6 1/2 hours 
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  WHAT TO WEAR
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Light clothing is required all year-round, but a sweater or jacket may be needed when traveling in hilly areas, especially during winter months. If visiting during the rainy season (May - September), an umbrella or raincoat will be required for the days in Inle lake and Yangon. It is required to dress decently within the precincts of religious buildings. Shoes and socks must be removed at pagodas and monasteries so it is advisable to bring a pair of slippers. 
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  WHAT TO AVOID
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Travelers are advised to keep away from touts who may approach them to exchange foreign currency or to sell gems of dubious quality. Travelers are also advised not to drink tap water. Purified bottled water is available everywhere in Myanmar. Taking photograph of military camps and soldiers are to be avoided. 
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MYANMAR - BURMA Tourism-Related Websites
The Myanmar Visa Experts
Magadotravel.com is a directory of Myanmar Hotel Reservation System on the web, covering all the most prestigious hotels to the most economical hotels in Myanmar
Please visit for more information and Seat-in-Coach Tour promotion
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