The Ravi River is a river in Pakistan and India. It is one of the five rivers which give Punjab its name. The Ravi was known as Parushani or Iravati to Indians in Vedic times and Hydraotes to the Ancient Greeks. It turns to the south-west, near Dalhousie, and then cuts a gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range entering the Punjab plain near Madhopur. It then flows along the Indo-Pak border for some distance before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab river. The total length of the river is about 720 km.It is also called 'The river of Lahore' since that city is located on its eastern bank. On its western bank is located the famous town of Shahdara with the tomb of Jahangir and the Tomb of Noor Jahan.Ravi river rises from the Bara Banghal ( a branch of Dhauladhar ) as a joint stream formed by the glacier-fed Badal and Tant Gari. The right bank tributaries of the Ravi are the Budhil, Tundahan Beljedi, Saho and Siul; and its left bank tributary worth mentioning is Chirchind Nala. Town Chamba is situated on the right bank of the river Ravi. In later Sanskritic period it came to be known by the name of Irawati. The Ravi river flows by the foot of Dalhousie hill, through the famous Chamba valley. The river with its length of about 158 km. in Himachal has a catchment area of about 5,451 sq. km. As the Ravi river flows down from the heights, it passes hill sides with terraced fields. Sometimes the hill seems to move away and the river comes out into lovely green valleys. The ravanging river looks devastating in its fury. It carries away even sturdy trees. The Ravi river first flows Westward through a trough separating the Pir Panjal from Dhauladhar range and then turns Southward, cutting the deep gorge through the Dhauladhar range. It flows nearly 130 km. in Chamba region, before leaving it finally at Kheri. The Ravi river forms the biggest sub-micro region of Chamba district. From Bara Bangal of Kangra district, it flows through Bara Bansu, Tretha, Chanota and Ulhansa. The Ravi river merges with the Chenab in Pakistan. The well known human settlement along the river are Barmaur, Madhopur and Chamba town. Its total length is 720 km.

 
 
Important Tributaries of river Ravi :
 
 
Bhadal River : It rises from the snowy range of the area lying between the Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar ranges in the Bara Banghal area of the Central Himachal Pradesh. It flows in a Westerly direction before merging with the Tant Gari river to form the mainstream of the Ravi. Bhadal river's catchment is made up of U shaped valleys, waterfalls, moraines, cirques and towering peaks.
 
 
Siul River : It is the tributary of the Ravi river. It rises rfom the tract between the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges near Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh border. Thereafter this river flows towards East, takes a U turn and attains a South-Westerly course before flowing into the Ravi river downstream of Chamba. River Baira is the prominent tributary of the Siul river. This river is fed by both snow melt waters and spring waters.

 
 
Baira River : It rises from the snows on Southern slopes of the Pir Panjal range in Himachal Pradesh. Numerous tributaries of the Baira river are also fed by the snow and so make it a Perennial river before it joins the Siul river, which is a tributary of the Ravi river. Its catchment consists of steep slopes, deep valleys and terraces that have been laid down by the river since a long time.
 
 
Tant Gari River : It is a tributary of the Ravi river. This river rises as a small stream from the slopes of an off-shootof the Pir Panjal range in the area East of Bharmaur in Chamba district. The Tant Gari valey is U shaped. Its bottom is strewn with boulders and morainic deposits laid down by the glaciers in the past.
 
 
Day 1- ARRIVE NEW DELHI.
After clearing customs, you will be met by our representatives who will be holding an Essential India placard and transferred by taxi to your hotel.In the afternoon there is a sightseeing tour of Old and New Delhi. Our tour of Delhi will include the Raj Ghat memorial, the Red Fort, once the most lavish fort and palace of the Mughal Empire and the Qutb Minar, the 73m high tower of victory. Overnight hotel.
 
 
Day 2- FLY TO KULLU.
Transfer to the Domestic airport to board the Air India or Air Deccan flight DN-557 departing from Delhi 10:30hrs and arrive in Kulu at 11:45hrs. You will be met on your arrival and transferred by taxi to Manali. (approx 2 hours drive time). Overnight at resorts.
 
 
Day 3- TREK TO SANGHCHUR
A brisk start to the trek as we leave our guesthouse, walking out of town past the atmospheric Hadimba Temple, the site of ritual human sacrifices until this rather unpleasant practice was stopped by the British in the 1800s. We gain altitude quickly, soon reaching the deodar (cedar), pine and oak forests that flank the hillsides of the Kullu Valley. This is a half-day walk, but the trail is unremittingly steep through forest and open meadows, a sufficient ascent for the first day. The afternoon is free to acclimatise and to enjoy the peaceful surroundings of our meadow campsite at Sanghchur (2650m).
 
 
Day 4- TREK TO RAILLI.
A full day of walking through the alpine landscape of the upper slopes of the valley, with spectacular views of the Kulu area and Beas river stretching away below us. As we climb we can look east to the peaks of Indrasan (6221m) and Deo Tibba (6001m) that shield the core of the mighty Greater Himalaya range to the east. The route crosses many intermediary ridges through mixed forest and open pastures, often with no distinct trail to follow. The only human contact we are likely to have is with the hardy Gaddi, nomadic shepherds who seasonally bring their flocks of goat and sheep over the high passes to reach fresh grazing pastures. The afternoon walk takes us higher still until we reach a suitable halting point beyond Railli (3100m), an open meadow where we stop for the night.
 
 

Day 5- TREK TO BASE OF THE KALIHENI PASS.
The morning walk is a steep but steady climb to Sanghor meadow (3610m) at the base of the Kaliheni Pass. We camp above the tree line and the afternoon is free to explore the area. The Gaddi believe this area to be inhabited by a strange bear-like animal and from the description of infrequent sightings, the “bear” has an uncanny resemblance to the yeti, so bring your binoculars just in case! Other wildlife in this area is equally exotic, and although less rare, can still be difficult to see in such a wilderness. Large mammals known to this range include the Himalayan black bear, the black wolf, the leopard, the smaller “chitti billi” related to the lynx and many species of deer, including chitral, barking deer and the elusive ibex at higher altitudes. For the ornithologist, the birds of prey are easier to find, circling high on the massive thermals. Commonly seen species include lammergeyer, golden eagle, buzzard eagle and many kites, whilst in the wooded areas there are many pheasants and quails such as the monal, snow partridge and Himalayan snow cock.

 
 
Day 6- TREK TO KALIHENI NULLLAH.
This is a very demanding day, with a sustained ascent to reach the Kaliheni pass (4710m) and a lengthy walk in the afternoon to reach camp. Named by the Gaddi, Kaliheni literally means black ice but despite its daunting name the pass is not technically difficult. The ascent is basically a long and slow walk across loose boulder moraine and then the snow or ice covered glacier, with a couple of steeper sections on rock that require a little more effort. The views from the crest are quite stunning. Around us are an infinite number of glaciers and snow peaks, including those of the Pir Pinjal and individual peaks of the Great Himalaya, which on a clear day can be seen extending into Lahoul/Spiti and beyond. As weather conditions can be unstable, we make an initial steep descent to a more sheltered spot for a quick lunch then continue down the snow bed and across loose rock, which again requires some care. We have crossed the watershed of the Pir Pinjal range and are now heading into the Bara Bhangal region. As we leave the glacier behind, we drop into the steep and remote valley of the Kaliheni nullah. This is truly wild territory where the path is not always obvious. A tough walk brings us to our campsite late afternoon.
 
 
Day 7- TREK TO MEADOW.
A classic day of trekking through the Outer Himalaya along the Kaliheni Valley. Skirting the tree line we follow this beautiful and unspoiled valley for the entire day, surrounded only by the magic of the mountains that loom above us. As we lose some altitude we reach scrub juniper and birch woodland, then chestnut, oak and blue pine. During the day we cross a number of small tributaries and sometimes wading is required if the log bridges have been removed by the Gaddi for winter. A lovely green meadow about that overlooks the RIVER valley awaits us as our campsite for the night.
 
 
Day 8- WALK TO BARA BHANGAL VILLAGE.
Another full day of excellent walking as we contour the ridges of the valley and then descend rapidly to reach the village of Bara Bhangal. With the panorama of peaks all around, the mornings’ walk takes us through forest and streams, meandering rills and lofty green meadows. After lunch a steep descent on a good trail leads through tiny terraced fields, which cling to the hillside and supply the Gaddi with their staple crops for winter. The remarkable village of Bara Bhangal (2548m) is situated at the confluence of the Kaliheni and the infant RAVI Rivers and we camp just beyond the robustly built houses.
 
 
Day 9- EXPLORE ORIGIN OF RAVI RIVER AREA IN BARA BHANGAL
We spend the day exploring  in and around Bara Bhangal, once part of a princely state. The river itself originates from one of the glaciers above the Bara Bhangal village This village, a collection of some 60 or so houses, is the only settlement in the Barabhangal range that covers some 290 square miles (751sq km). The village is situated at the lowest point of the valley and is inhabited by families of the Kanet caste, known as the most traditional of the Gaddis. A few hardy folk are permanently settled in the village that is cut off during the winter months, when the majority migrate to the gentler climate of the Kangra Valley. We spend the day relaxing around the campsite, enjoying the splendid views of the surrounding mountains that rise to over 5000m from the banks of the river and exploring the village.
 
 
Day 10- TREK TO KANGRA MARHU
After our day of rest a vigorous ascent awaits us as soon as we leave camp and is followed by a more gradual climb for the remainder of the day. The trail crosses the river and follows the Thamser Nullah towards Marhu. Although steep, the path is good as it is regularly used by the Gaddi to reach Kangra. Marhu (3690m) is an exposed but flat knoll below the base of the Thamser Pass where we halt for the night.
 
 

Day 11- TREK TO PALACHAK.
Another early start as we head across the snowfields to the Thamser pass and the watershed of the Dhaula Dar range. The ascent to the pass can be arduous, crossing loose boulders and moraine then snow and ice but the scenery is quite stunning and offers many an excuse to stop for a few moments! Nestled into the vast snowfields of the pass are many exquisite glacial lakes, reflecting the peaks around us.This pass itself really is of exceptional beauty, with the Kangra and Ravi Valleys clearly visible either side of the Outer Himalaya whilst in the distance is the holy Mount Kailash on a spur of the Pir Pinjal range. The initial descent is steep as we cross ice, then rock moraines and is followed by a persistent descent down the valley for the remainder of the day. We arrive late afternoon in the lovely pastures that surround an old British Forest Rest house at Palachak.

 
 
Day 12- TREK TO BILLING. DRIVE TO MCLEODGANJ
Our final day of walking through to the beautiful foothills of the Dhaula Dar with views across the Kangra Valley to the Shivaliks. The terrain rapidly changes, the trails widening through tiny hand crafted fields, rich forest of oak and rhododendron and across open meadows. We pass through the seasonal Gaddi settlements before reaching Billing (2600m). Billing is a prominent spur that has become famous in the paragliding world for its excellent thermal lift and stunning views of the Himalaya.From here we drive down a jeep track to Bir (1066m), home to an exiled Tibetan community. After lunch we continue by road to McLeod Ganj (1970m), home to the exiled Dalai Lama and many of his Tibetan followers. (approx 3 hour drive time) Overnight hotel.
 
 
Day 13- AT LEISURE IN MCLEODGANJ.
The day is free to explore this lively little town, perched on a ridge below the Dhaula Dar. Settled by the exiled Tibetans in the early 1960’s, the town is now home to a large refugee community and houses the exiled Government, nearly half of the country’s original manuscripts, a performing arts institute, a medical and astrological institute, children’s’ schools as well as several monasteries and the Dalai Lamas’ temple cum residence.
 
  Day 14- TRAIN TO DELHI.
Approximately 3 hours drive time. After an early lunch we drive to Pathankot to board the 18:15hrs evening sleeper train to Delhi.
 
  Day 15- ARRIVE DELHI AND TRANSFER BY TAXI TO YOUR HOTEL.
Arriving early morning, (at 5:45am) there is time for some last minute souvenir hunting and exploring in Delhi. Overnight hotel.
 
  Day 16- FLY DELHI  
 
 
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