The Shivalik Fossil Park, Saketi, situated amidst the picturesque Shivalik Hills in the Markanda valley in Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh. Saketi - a small village, 14km south of Nahan, and about 5 km from the industrial town of Kala Amb, on the border of Haryana and Himachal Pardesh; is the only fossil park in Asia which houses preserved remains of prehistoric animals. Inaugurated in 1974, it displays models of prehistoric animals which thrived in the area 1 to 2.5 million years ago.A number of spectacular fossil samples belonging to vertebrate groups have been exhibited in the museum set up in the park. It has an interesting collection, ranging from skulls of bovids to various parts of hippopotamuses, which thrived 20-30 lakh years ago. Remains of rocks as old as 21 million years old and tusks of 22 species of elephants, which survived some 10 lakh years ago, are also exhibited in the museum. The country’s postage stamp to commemorate the centenary of the Geological Survey of India in 1951 is displayed as well. This stamp has a picture of two elephants with tusks. The tusk specimens are displayed below the stamp.Also on display is the skull of hippopotamus( dariyai ghora) found in copious amount from the 20-30 lakh-year-old rocks. It has sabre-shaped six fore teeth and two big teeth. The animal which has become extinct existed some 15 lakh years ago. Bones of tortoises, gharials and crocodiles, found in the Shivalik rocks in the Saketi region, are indicative of the presence of these reptiles in the region. Another spectacular fossil on display is the large-sized tortoise which survived 20-25 lakh years ago. The fossils have been excavated from rocks as old as 20-30 lakh years.

The presence of remains of hippopotamuses, elephants, giraffes from the Pinjore area, fishes from the Shivalik region, amphibians and reptiles from Mumbai, Kota as well as Kashmir make the museum a microcosm of prehistoric fauna. The museum also displays fossils of some prehistoric plants. A large collection of stone objects, which are also among the oldest ones used by the Early Palaeolithic Man, have been displayed at the museum. They are known to be some 2.5 million years old and recovered from the Indian subcontinent. The sprawling park, spread over 1.5 sq km, exhibits models of various animals like crocodile, sabre-tooth tiger, hippopotamus, giant land tortoise, giant elephant and four-horned giraffe. The sabre-tooth tiger was nearly as large as the living tiger, and possessed very long upper canine teeth. The sabre-like teeth may have been used for inflicting slicing wounds on its prey and causing death by bleeding. This animal species disappeared nearly one million years ago along with numerous other advanced species of elephants. Yet another model displayed in the park is that of the hippopotamus which was almost of the same size as the living hippopotamus, but had six incisors, relatively wider mouth, smaller brain cavity, longer lower jaw and pig-like legs. The species had a very large population in the Shivalik area about 2.5 million years ago after which it became extinct. The giant land tortoise, the largest of all tortoises, inhabited the Shivalik area in large numbers about 2.5 million years ago. Its model with a thick protective shell, measuring about three metres across, can be seen in the park. The animal gradually dwindled in number during the last two million years and its size also gradually got reduced. One can also have a look at the giant-sized elephants which existed 7 to 1.5 million years ago. Nearly fifteen such species existed in the Shivalik region. These giant elephants possessed a relatively small cranium, extraordinarily large pair of tusks and massive limb-bones. Most of these elephants became extinct during the last 1.5 million years. Ancestors of giraffe inhabited the Shivalik region and evolved along diverse lines 7 to 1.5 million years ago. One of them, sivatherium giganteum, was a large, four- horned giraffe with an extraordinary heavy skull and a relatively short neck.
 
 
FAMOUS PLACES TO SEE AROUND
 
  CHURDHAR
Geography                It lies 30º 52' north and 77º 32' east at an elevation 3647 m above msl.
Climate                     Pleasant climate during Summer, cold during winter.
 
 
Introduction              
The enchanting Churdhar mountain in Sirmaur is one of the Shivalik ranges at a height of 11965 feet (it is the highest peak in southern Himachal Pradesh), Churdhar, commonly known as Churichandni (Bangle of Snow), is blessed with some of the most spectacular and beautiful landscapes in this region. The view from the summit embraces a vast panorama of lowland tracts towards the south and snow-capped ranges, including the peaks of Badrinath and Kedarnath in the Garhwal region, towards the north.
It is believed that this is the very place where Hanuman discovered the life-restoring
Sanjivini booti, which revived Lakshmana, Lord Rama’s younger brother. Ruins of an ancient town have been discovered at the nearby Dundi Devi. A wealth of herbs and beautiful alpine flora cover these Himalayan slopes. Walking through the wildlife sanctuary, one spots the spectacular monal, along with koklass and kaleej pheasants. The canine-toothed musk deer and the endangered Himalayan black bear inhabit the higher forests. Below the summit is the deodar-roofed, single-storeyed, square temple of Srigul with a lingam, dedicated to Shiva (Chooreshwar Mahadev). Pilgrims sing and dance at night during the Navratras fair in this ancient temple. Trekkers tread over small glaciers on their way to the wind-blown Churdhar summit, which has moderate to heavy snowfall (average of 33 feet snow). Often the Srigul temple gets buried under it. On a clear sunny day, you can be rewarded with a view of the Badrinath and Kedarnath shrines, Gangetic plains, the Sutlej river and hills of Shimla and Chakrata. Atop the Churdhar summit lie the lingams of Shiva and Kali, where once goat and sheep were sacrificed. Devotees hoist flags and make offerings here.

 
 
How to reach there  Peak can be apporached form Dadahu, headquarter of Renuka tehsil, via Sangrah, Bhawai, Gandhuri and Naura, the distance being about 48 Km. Another and easier  approach  to the peak is by the Solan Rajgarh Menus road.
 
  JAITAK FORT
Geography               
It lies 30º 36' north and 77º 24' east at an elevation above the sea level 1479 m above msl.
Climate                     
Pleasant climate throughout the year
 
 

Introduction              
The Jaitak hills is s historical place in the annals of Sirmour.  It was here that the most important battle was fought between the British forces and the Gurkhas.  Jaitak is the name applied to a peak, or rather two peaks.  About 19 km to thenorth of Nahan, Jamta falls on the Nahan-Dadahu motorable road.  An ascent of about 3 km has to be negotiated form Jamta to gain Jaitak. A hill fortress one crowned the Jaitak hill which is a steep ridge of slate and which rises above the Kayarda Dun, 30-36’ north and 77-24’ east, in the Nahan tehsil.  The elevation above the sea level is about 1479 m. The fortress was constructed by Ranjor Singh Thapa,  the Gurkha leader, leader, when he attacked and sacked Nahan in about 1810.   A small hamlet is the only remnant of old Jaitak.  It commands a fine view of the Sain, Nahan and Dharthi hills.  The famous Jaitak Khel of Kanets derives its name from this village.

 
  How to reach there      About 22 Km form Nahan
 
  HARIPUR DHAR
Geography                It lies 77º 35' north and 30º 45' east at an elevation of 2687 m above msl.
Climate                     
Pleasant climate during Summer, cold during winter
 
 
Introduction
Haripur is the name applied to a mountain called Haripur Dhar. Perched on a peak of this hill like a silent sentinel, a fort was built on this range of mountain by the rulers of erstwhile Sirmour State. It was primarlily meant to guard the state frontiers with the neighbouring Jubbal State as there were constant boundary disputes between the two states and there was unusual encroachment into each others territory. It has  fallen into disuse and the part which is still habitable is used by the Forest Department as forester’s headquarters. The fort reminds the visitor of thehistorical period when to hold or capture such forts used to be the chief aim of the conending hill states. Its main attraction is the wild game in its vicinity. Lying at a distance of about 106 km from Nahan it can be approached first by a regular bus service covering 40 km up to Dadahu wherefrom up to Andheri on e can go by a jeep for about 44 km. The remaining portion of about 22 km, which is under construction for a jeepable road, can be covered on foot or on ponies. The next and easier way to approach this place is from Solan via Rajgarh.  Kharotiyon, a place from where the site of the fort remains about 2 km on the high hill top.
 
  How to reach there   By road about 106 Km. from Nahan
 
 
 
Home        |        About us        |        Sitemap        |        Contact us        |        Payment Options        |       Feedback

Copyright © 2006-2016 Special Tours India Pvt. Ltd.   All rights reserved.        Optimised for 1024X768 pixels.        Website by Evoke Web Studio
 
Language Tanslation : Español | Français | Deutsch | Italiano | Português
 
| Share